Nature and landscape photography; It describes the vast variety of living, non-domestic animals and crops not cultivated in a natural habitat, geological formations and the natural process from insects to ice mountains.
Photographs of plants that are stored in pets, cage, or animals that are restricted by any means of freedom and agriculturally grown cannot be considered as nature photographs.
Nature composition of creatures such as owls or storks trying to adapt to an environment altered by humans; Images with traces of natural forces that try to restore the environment, such as hurricane and tide, can be accepted on condition that the human factor is low.
No matter which photographic machine is used, the original image must have been taken by the photographer. Any intervention and edit to the original image is limited to a slight touch and should not change the content of the original image.
Although landscape photography is a much general definition; nature goes beyond the definition of photography. Photographs in which elements of human culture (cultivated lands, animals and architectural works cultivated by human beings, such as completely distant from nature, people’s life in settlements) are called landscape photographs.
As a general opinion, landscape photographs are seen as easier and less valuable to obtain than other photographs. However, landscape photography has great difficulties for itself and a successful landscape photography can be extremely impressive.
As in many areas of photography, the main light source in nature and landscape photography is the sun. In other words, the use of light is also the most important factor for such photographs. Therefore, the shots should be taken under the appropriate light. For example, where natural beauties are prioritized, the preference of early morning and evening hours when the light is softer is of great importance in terms of contrast and saturation. In addition, displaying urban landscapes on urban life in harsh lighting can produce impressive results.
Regardless of the subject to be working on, the right perspective should be determined for the right light and the right time should be waited for. Even some impressive images appear in certain seasons and months of the year, so preliminary research and investigations should be carried out. Even though the photos of different regions, which give very different beauties according to the seasons, seem classic, they are the product of great accumulation, labor and effort.
For shooting in the morning and evening hours when the light intensity is low, a tripod should be used since the low diaphragm will be preferred to shoot the deepest possible area clearly. The location of the horizon line, which is one of the most important elements of landscape photographs, is very important. To avoid a boring and ordinary image, the horizon should be placed at the bottom or top 1/3. Therefore, the subject of framing is very important for such photographs.
Polarized filters used to prevent reflections from plants, water, glass, rocks, saturate the blue of the sky, create a dramatic effect, UV filters to protect against the effect of direct sunlight in high areas, ND filters in long exposure works, and graduated filters used in special situations are next to landscape photographers. are the elements that should exist.
While lenses with a certain focal length are sufficient for many field of photography, nature and landscape photography require a wide range of focal lengths from ultra-wide angle to ultra-telephoto lenses.
Apart from some documentary photographs, nature and landscape photographs should be prepared considering the composition rules that apply to all of the photography art.
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May your light be bright. Stay healthy.