In order to take good portrait photos, you should empathize with the person to be shot and provide mutual interaction and sincerity. If the other person does not feel comfortable, he/she will be so insincere and bad in the photos that will appear. I wanted to share some basic but best tips for portrait photography that professional or amateur photographers can use to take better portrait photos. With the spread of mobile phones nowadays, we have all become amateur photographers. I guess anyone can benefit because some of the tips on this page are about composition. You can share your additional ideas.
In portrait photography, the background is just as important as the person you will shoot. Eliminate unnecessary details that will tire your eyes. This is called abstraction and is valid for all types of photographs. A shallow depth of field, a large aperture, separates your subject from the background and ensures that the background does not disturb the viewer. The background doesn’t have to be completely empty, just whatever it looks in the frame is enough.
If you pull the person in front of the sun, you prevent them from squinting and creating dark shadows due to their facial features. Let the sun be behind at sunset too. The sun that is about to set makes people orange, not beautiful. If you say I want to shoot like this, make sure to correct your white balance.
You can take photos in the form of a silhouette by taking the light behind the object. For this reason, it can be also called “reverse light” whereas the light comes across.
If your model is dark, use reflector or fill flash (preferably with soft box or from the reflector). With this technique, you can take beautiful photos even at sunset.
Good portrait In order to be able to take photos, if the person you take is both laughing and looking at the camera, it usually does not look aesthetic, if the model is not very beautiful / handsome, I think you should choose only one condition, not at the same time.
The eyes are looking sideways, that is, the white part of the eye appears more often, looks better in women, try not to choose for men.
If you do not know the person you are taking, talk first and be friendly, this will make the other person to behave comfortably and make the photo look better while taking the photo.
The ideal lenses for portraits are lenses between 85-200 mm. It will both increase the distance between you and your model and make your model feel more comfortable and will keep distortion to a minimum. If your machine has a crop sensor (DX etc.), it will work as 75mm due to 50mm lens crop factor, and it is a suitable lens in terms of price and cost. Under 50 mm will cause excessive distortion and make your model’s face look different than it is.
Take advantage of natural light. If you take a portrait in a closed and narrow environment, it is much more effective to use natural light coming from the window than using a flash.
Leave the average habit of the person you shoot constantly in the middle of the screen. Centering your model continuously can create boring squares. Leave at least a third of space in the direction your model is facing / moving. This is called “escape area” and reduces the effect of jamming in the photo. This rule also applies to sports photography.
Although it is a natural look to take the model’s eye while shooting, you can change your alignment for trick or difference. For example, shoot at a level very close to the ground to show the height of the model. Shoot at an angle from above to shorten the height or cute photos. If you shoot from bottom to top with a relatively wide-angle lens to make it taller, the legs will look even longer. This method is generally used for shoe and clothing catalog shots, but the natural look is slightly lost.
Do not take the photo with the thought of cropping or editing afterwards, so that the quality of your photo will not decrease, and your post-work time will be minimized. However, remember that it is better to leave a space at the edges instead of regretting it later.
A very common term in photography; “If the photo isn’t good enough, you’re not close enough.” Approaching a few more steps after making your settings is usually better.
You may suddenly come across someone you want to attract while traveling. Take your machine everywhere. If your DSLR camera is heavy, you can use a compact camera or, if good, your phone’s camera. Most street photographers prefer rangefinder machines. The main reason for this is that the other person does not see you very professionally and acts more comfortably and the machine is not spooky.
If you are working with the model to take good portrait photos, so if you are not in a hurry, do not finish the shot with a few poses, the best poses are when the person is acting naturally. And natural behavior happens spontaneously as the attraction gets longer.
Auto focus can focus on forehead and nose when shooting close-up portraits and using a shallow depth of field. If you have no other creative plan, be sure to check the focus and focus on the eyes.
Be careful not to drop shadow on your model, especially in places such as under trees. If the shade has a unique pattern, then it is different, but it will be better to take it completely in the shade.
Manage the people you are shooting, you have to control everything, from which pose to pose, where to stop, how to express your face. You can even interfere with items such as clothes, hats and glasses if possible.
You can hide some flaws of your model by taking advantage of your focal length. For example, you can hide the long nose of a model because the lens of 100mm and above will be much more compressed. Wide angle lenses cause more distortion.
If you want a blurry background so you can take good portraits, either use a long focal length or a wide aperture. So shallow the depth of field. In this way, you can ensure that the background is blurry and the edges are vignetted, usually at the widest apertures of the lenses. Since vignetting will darken the edges of your object, a more pleasant image is created and the object comes to the fore. If you don’t like it, vignetting can be remove later with photo programs.
You have almost no natural light option after sunset or in dark conditions. In this case, feel free to use artificial light. You can also use artificial light for creative photos in a style you cannot shoot with natural light.
One last tip to be able to take a good portrait photo, do not cut your model from its full joints while adjusting the frame or cropping the photo. For example, even if you do not shoot the arm completely in the frame, cut it near the middle of the shoulder and elbow, not the full elbow.
If you need more ideas, technique, tips and tutorials you can check our Photography page here.
May your light be abundant. Stay healthy.